Many people got infected with Hepatitis but only few people are aware of how it caused a disease into our body, along with the prevention and precautions of Hepatitis. People should know that Not all Hepatitis are transmitted through sexual contact.

Although most of the reported cases found that Hepatitis are prevalent to person with multiple partner. A big number of patients with Hepatitis are reluctant to open their source of infection thereby presumed the real origin of patient’s disease. Hepatitis is the inflammation and infection of the liver caused by the invasion of Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses. They differ on how they transmit into our bodies. Here are things you should know about Hepatitis!

1. Hepatitis A or the Picornavirus enters into the body of a person via the ingestion of fecally contaminated water or shellfish.

2. Hepatitis B or the Hepadnavirus spread to the body of a person through transfusion of contaminated blood and plasma or semen or the inoculation by a contaminated syringe or needle through IV drug use.

3. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by blood or blood products, Intravenous drug use or sexual contact.

4. Hepatitis D is also transmitted just like Hepa B but it requires a coexisting Hepa B virus infection to be activated. It means you already have existing Hepa B in your body and the disease becomes more complicated now due to the merger of the two viruses.

5. Hepatitis E is enterically transmitted similar to Hepa A. If a person has HEPA, his or her skin will become yellowish due to jaundice. This occurs because the liver function slows.

Clinically, it is impossible to differentiate the type of Hepatitis from the signs that are present. All Hepatitis viruses cause liver cell destruction, leading to increased serum aspartate transaminase ( AST; serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase[SGOT]) and alkaline phosphatase levels. Albumin synthesis decreases, and bile formation and excretion are impaired. The type of virus causing the disease can be determined by the recognition of a specific antibody against the virus.
Symptoms commonly include headache, fever, and anorexia and jaundice of skin and sclera.
Symptoms with Hepatitis A are generally mild. This lasts for approximately a week then symptoms fade with full recovery.
Symptoms of Hepaptitis B are more marked. Patients report generalized aching right upper quadrant pain and headache. They may have low grade fever. They feel ill, irritable fretful from pruritus. After 3 to 7 days of such symptoms the color of the urine becomes darker (brown) because of the excretion of the bilirubin. In another 2 days scleras become jaundiced, soon they have generalized jaundice, there is little excretion of bilirubin into the stool , so the stool color becomes white or gray. This icteric (jaundiced) phase lasts for a few days to 2 weeks. Some children have an anicteric form of infection in which they develop the beginning symptoms but then never developed to jaundice.

Now, it is very important to know what to do, how to get away and how to prevent spread of Hepatitis Viruses. It is never too late to practice serious washing of our hands especially in public places. If and when you are caring for children with hepatitis, their feces must be disposed carefully because the type A virus may be cultured from feces. When exposed to blood and blood products of an infected person take extra precautionary measure by avoiding any cuts or breaks of your skin come into contact with the infested blood and of being cautious when required to be receiving donated blood. And most importantly when engaging into sexual activity never miss to use condom at least, but most of all is to know your partner very well.


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DepEd Teacher

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